HIV is a virus that attacks and affects the immune system, making other infections and diseases more likely. Without treatment, the infection could proceed to stage 3 HIV, sometimes known as AIDS.
What is HIV?
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) affects immune cells known as CD4 cells. T cells are white blood cells that circulate throughout the body, detecting infections as well as defects and anomalies in other cells.
HIV seeks out and infiltrates CD4 cells, which it then uses to multiply the virus. As a result, the cells are destroyed, and the body's ability to fight various infections and diseases is harmed. This raises the risk of opportunistic infections and various cancers, as well as their severity.
It's worth mentioning, however, that some people have HIV for a long time without showing any symptoms.
Although HIV is a lifelong illness, certain therapies and techniques can help to keep the virus from spreading and the disease from worsening.
What is AIDS?
The acronym AIDS refers to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV has progressed to this stage.
A CD4 count of less than 200 cells per cubic millimeter is used by doctors to diagnose AIDS. They may also diagnose AIDS if a person has opportunistic infections, cancers associated with AIDS, or both.
When a person with HIV is not treated, their immune system gradually deteriorates, culminating to stage 3 HIV. Advances in antiretroviral therapy, on the other hand, have made this progression less prevalent.
In 2019, roughly 1.2 million people in the United States were living with HIV, and 15,815 people died from the disease, according to True Source. These fatalities could have been caused by anything.
When HIV-infected body fluids come into touch with a permeable barrier in the body or small gaps in moist tissues of places like the genitals, the virus can spread.
Specifically, HIV can transmit via:
· Pre-Seminal fluid
· Vaginal fluids
· Rectal fluids
· Breast milk
Because the virus cannot be transmitted by saliva, a person cannot catch HIV by kissing with their mouth open.
Anal or vaginal intercourse is one of the most common ways for HIV to spread in the United States. When people do not utilise barrier protection during intercourse, such as a condom, or do not take pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a treatment that tries to prevent HIV transmission among people with known risk factors, HIV transmission occurs.
Undetectable = untransmittable
HIV can only be spread through bodily fluids containing a specific quantity of the virus. If a person's HIV levels are undetectable, the virus cannot spread to another person. While there is virtually no danger of transmission during Sex Trusted Source, the risk of transfer when sharing injection drug equipment is uncertain.
Furthermore, the chance of transmission is much reduced. For transmission throughout pregnancy and labour, this is a reliable source, but it is not insignificant.
The fact that undetectable quantities of HIV are untransmittable is sometimes referred to as shorthand: U=U.
The more severe symptoms of HIV are usually caused by other illnesses, such as bacteria, viruses, fungus, or parasites.
Early symptoms of HIV
Some people with HIV have no symptoms for months or even years after contracting the virus
· a fever
· sweating, particularly at night
· enlarged glands or swollen lymph nodes
· a diffuse rash
· pain, including joint pain
· muscle aches
· a sore throat
These symptoms result from the immune system fighting off the infection.
HIV and AIDS myths and facts
There are many myths concerning HIV. These are both damaging and humiliating.
The virus cannot be transmitted by the following actions or behaviors:
· shaking hands
· touching unbroken skin
· sharing a toilet with someone who has HIV
· sharing towels
· mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
· touching the saliva, tears, feces, or urine of a person with HIV
If a person believes they have been exposed to HIV in the last 72 hours Trusted Source, they should discuss post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), a prophylactic therapy, with a healthcare practitioner.
How can get PEP in Delhi
Dr. Vinod Raina in Delhi who is taking care of HIV patients since last 21 years. You can ask for Pep at your home by visiting at https://www.pepforhivtreatment.com/ or his clinic or by contacting him over the phone 9136363692, 9871605858.
Dr. Raina’s Safe Hands
E 34 Ekta Apartment Saket near Malviya Nagar Metro Gate No. 4 New Delhi 110017
Mobile No. 9136363692, 9871605858
Please Visit our Official Website for More Information - www.pepforhivtreatment.com/
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